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股票网 珍宝———哥窑莲蓬笔洗

2020-07-07 发布于 衢州便民网

宋代官窑瓷器 ,官瓷代表着中国陶瓷艺术的最高成就,属于宋代五大名窑之一, 由官府直接营建。有北宋官窑、南宋官窑之分。官窑瓷器虽然在宋代瓷器中只占极少数,但是由于其所处地位和具备的优越条件,使它在当时烧造了一批宫庭所需的高档瓷器,其高超的烧造技艺和不朽的艺术价值,成为中华民族珍贵的配资官网 遗产。

英文翻译:

亳州股票配资 Official kiln porcelain in the Song Dynasty. Official porcelain represents the highest achievement of Chinese ceramic art. It belongs to one of the five famous kilns in the Song Dynasty and was built directly by the government. There are official kilns in the Northern Song Dynasty and official kilns in the Southern Song Dynasty. Although the official kiln porcelain accounted for only a few of the Song Dynasty porcelain, due to its position and superior conditions, it made a batch of high-end porcelain required by the palace at that time, and its superb firing skills and immortality The artistic value of China has become a precious cultural heritage of the Chinese nation.

官窑青瓷闻名于世,北宋汴京官窑青瓷继汝窑烧造,其形制、釉色、工艺与汝窑有共同之处。《格古要论》说汴京官窑器“色好者与汝窑相类”器多仿古,釉色有淡青、粉青、灰青等多种色调,釉质匀润莹亮,大纹片,胎骨深灰或紫色,满釉裹足支烧,器底有支钉痕。故宫博物院股票网 的官窑圆洗中,有洗身近直微外撇,平底,里外满釉裹足支烧, 底有支钉痕,造型、 釉色与汝窑器相近,装烧工艺亦与汝窑支烧法相同者,应是北宋汴京官窑制品。南宋官窑是北宋汴京官窑的继续,郊坛官窑考古发掘的资料表明,南宋早期的青瓷产品,为薄胎薄釉青瓷,胎薄质细,色黑褐或深灰,釉色以粉青为主,兼有青灰、青黄和炒米黄等色调,釉层薄而润泽,有纹片,满釉支钉装烧, 器底有圆形支钉痕,工精质高。

英文翻译:

亳州股票配资 Official kiln celadon is well-known in the world. Bianjing official kiln celadon in the Northern Song Dynasty was fired by Ru kiln. Its shape, glaze and craftsmanship have something in common with Ru kiln. "Ge Gu Yao Lun" says that the Bianjing official kilns are similar to those with good colors and ru kilns. The glazes have various shades such as light green, pink green, and gray green. The enamel is smooth and bright, with large grains. The fetal bone is dark gray or purple, covered with glaze, and has a nail mark on the bottom. In the round washing of the official kilns collected in the Palace Museum, the body is almost straight-out, flat-bottomed, the inside and outside are covered with glaze, and the feet are burnt. The kiln branch burning method is the same, should be the Northern Song Bian Jingguan kiln products. The Southern Song Dynasty official kiln is a continuation of the Bianjing official kiln in the Northern Song Dynasty. According to archaeological excavations in the Jiaotan official kiln, the early celadon products of the Southern Song Dynasty were thin-bodied thin-glazed celadon, thin and thin-bodied, black-brown or dark gray, and glazed with powder It is mainly green, and has the colors of green gray, green yellow, and fried beige. The glaze layer is thin and moist, with patterned pieces, and the glaze is nailed and burnt. The bottom of the instrument has round nail marks, and the work quality is high.

青瓷的形制、胎、釉和支烧工艺都与北宋汝、官窑青瓷特点相类,确为“袭故宫遗制”。南宋后期官窑青瓷的烧造追求玉石质感,改变制瓷工艺,创用素烧胎多次上釉二次烧成的厚釉工艺,制出薄胎厚釉青瓷,釉质如玉石般的光亮莹润,釉面上显露横竖交织的蟹爪纹片或层层叠错的冰裂纹片,有说不尽的奥妙。厚釉工艺的具体做法是先低温素烧坯,后施三至四道釉,釉厚如堆脂,再经高温成器,一般釉层厚在 2毫米以上。厚釉易粘接支烧工具,造成废品,厚釉工艺的使用导致装烧工艺的改良,变满釉支钉装烧为刮釉垫饼装烧,即将碗、盘、洗、瓶等圈足器的底端釉刮掉露胎,以垫饼垫烧。由于青瓷胎料中含铁量高达3.55%,致使制品的口缘釉薄处露灰或灰紫色与圈足底端刮釉露胎处呈黑褐或深灰色,形成“紫口铁足”的特征。故宫博物院藏品中的一件官窑圆洗,口沿部位青釉微泛紫色,通体粉青釉纯正莹澈,满布冰裂纹片,宽圈足垫烧,是南宋郊坛官窑的晚期“紫口铁足”作品。此洗备受清代皇室赏识,器底刻有乾隆御题诗。郊坛官窑烧制的青瓷器物除碗、盘、洗外,又多仿周、汉时期青铜器式样,如故宫博物院股票网 的官窑弦纹瓶,洗口,长颈,硕圆腹,圈足,颈至腹部凸起弦纹数周,圈足两侧有对称的横孔,古朴端庄,为仿汉铜壶的式样。此件藏品为宋代官窑莲蓬笔洗,胎体为天青色,底部漏胎为火石红,做工工艺符合当时的做工工艺,器身表面橘皮纹饰明显此乃精品股票网 价值及投资价值巨大。

英文翻译:

Celadon's shape, tire, glaze and branch burning techniques are all similar to the characteristics of Ru and Guan kiln celadon in the Northern Song Dynasty. In the late Southern Song Dynasty, the firing of official kiln celadon pursued the texture of jade, changed the porcelain making process, and created a thick glaze process with multiple glazes and multiple firing of plain fired tires to produce a thin tire thick glazed celadon. The glaze was as bright as jade. Moist, the crazed claw patterns or the ice cracks that are staggered in layers are revealed on the glazed surface, which is endlessly mysterious. The specific method of the thick glaze process is to first burn the billet at low temperature, and then apply three to four glazes. The glaze is as thick as grease, and then is formed by a high temperature. The thickness of the glaze is generally more than 2 mm. Thick glaze is easy to stick to the burning tools, resulting in waste products. The use of thick glaze technology leads to the improvement of the firing process. The full glaze nails are burned into the glaze scrap cakes, that is, the bowls, dishes, washing, bottles and other circles are full. The bottom glaze of the device scraped off the exposed tire and burned with a cake. Because the iron content in the celadon tire material is as high as 3.5 to 5%, the rim of the product is exposed to gray or gray-purple at the thin edge of the glaze and the dark-brown or dark gray at the bottom of the circle is scraped to form a "purple iron foot "Characteristics. An official kiln in the Palace Museums collection was round washed, and the rim of the glaze was slightly purple, the whole body was pure and clear, covered with ice cracks, and the wide circle of the foot pad was burned. "Purple Iron Foot" works. This wash was appreciated by the Qing royal family, and the bottom of the vessel was engraved with Qianlong imperial poems. In addition to bowls, plates, and washware, the celadon wares fired in the Jiaotan official kiln often resemble the bronze wares of the Zhou and Han Dynasties, such as the official kiln string bottles collected by the Palace Museum, with mouth wash, long neck, large round belly, and circle foot. , The neck to the abdomen has raised strings for several weeks, and there are symmetrical horizontal holes on both sides of the circle foot. This collection is a brush wash of the official kiln in Song Dynasty. The carcass is azure, and the bottom tire is flint red. The workmanship is in line with the workmanship at that time. The orange peel decoration on the surface of the body is obviously the value of the boutique collection and investment value.

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